There are two parts to every tooth – the crown and the root. The crown is the visible part and the root is the unseen part which anchors the tooth in your jawbone, providing stable support for your crown. However, a tooth may be missing for one of three reasons:
- A permanent tooth has not grown;
- A permanent tooth has been extracted; or
- A permanent tooth has fallen out.
When a tooth is missing, it can be replaced with a dental implant.
A dental implant acts as an orthodontic anchor. It is a replacement for the root(s) of a tooth, which are secured in the jawbone and are no visible once surgically places. Dental implants are used to secure crowns and other dental prosthetics or dental restorations. Dental implants are made of a lightweight, strong, and biocompatible material called titanium. The fact that it is biocompatible means that there are very low chances of rejection but the body.
The main use of dental implants is to support dental prosthetics. Dental implants make use of a biologic process where bone fuses tightly to the surface of specific materials such as titanium and some ceramics – this is known as osseointegration. The integration of a dental implant and bone can support physical loads for decades without failure. A variable amount of healing time is required for osseointegration before either the dental prosthetic (a tooth, bridge or denture) is attached to the implant or an abutment is placed which will hold a dental prosthetic.
Benefits of dental implants:
- Placing dental implants stabilises bone, preventing its loss;
- Implants help maintain the jawbone’s shape and density;
- Implants help support the facial skeleton and soft tissue structures;
- Act as a substitute to bone and tooth that has previously been lost, helping you eat, chew, smile, talk, and look completely natural; and
- Improves your social, psychological, and physical well-being.
Implant systems explained in five basic steps:
Success of Dental Implants:
Success or failure of implants depends on various factors:
- The health of the person receiving the treatment;
- Any medication the patient is consuming, which affect the chances of osseointegration;
- The health of the tissues in the mouth; and
- The amount of stress that will be put on the implant and fixture during normal function.
Why looking after your dental implants is important?
While teeth are susceptible to dental decay, dental implants may be susceptible to peri-implantitis, which is an inflammatory response to bacterial biofilm of the tissues surrounding the implant. Peri-implantitis can result in disintegration of the bone to the implant.
How long will the process of Dental Implants take?
If a patient has the ideal bone width, height, and type of bone, a dental implant with a crown can take approximately five to eight months. This includes placing the implant in the bone and waiting for you to heal and the implant to integrate with the bone. After this, we take dental impressions to make the dental crown that will be fitted on the implant. When the crown is ready, the treatment will be finished by fitting the crown on the implant.
If a patient looking to have a dental implant does not have the right type of bone, width or height, they will have to undergo ‘bone grafting’, which is essentially transplanting bone and enhancing the amount that you have so we are able to attach a dental implant. The ‘bone grafting’ process will add an extra four to five months to the process. Including bone grafting, the total time of treatment can be between eight months and a year.
Aftercare and maintenance
With proper care and attention dental implants can last a lifetime. Like natural teeth, they need to be regularly serviced and maintained to ensure optimum oral care, including healthy gums and a fresh breath.
After your implants have been fitted, you will be requested to attend a number of review appointments to enable your dentist to carry out routine examinations of your implants.
Here at Sonria Dental Clinic we pride ourselves on having the best dental implants Central London has to offer and our professionalism and dedication is without resolve. From the moment you walk into our stunning dental clinic you will be treated and cared for by a team of professionals that have years of experience in working with dental implants. If you have any questions, please feel free to get in touch with us today.