Sonria Dental is a periodontal surgery London and gum disease specialist Central London. A healthy mouth is colonised by 200 to 300 bacterial species. Most of this bacteria are completely harmless and live in harmony in your mouth. However, when tooth cleaning is not thorough enough, the bacterial deposits build up next to the gums, forming a plaque. The conditions, therefore, gradually, become suitable for more dangerous bacteria to flourish, ultimately, compromising the body’s defences.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis, often known as ‘gum disease’, is one of the most common human diseases. Gum disease is a very common condition in which the gums and deeper periodontal supporting structures become inflamed. This inflammation of the gums, which usually takes the form of redness, swelling and a tendency to bleed during tooth brushing, is the body’s response to periodontal bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on the teeth.
The inflammation of the gums and supporting structures is the body’s defence system. However, this inflammatory response can eventually cause serious damage. If left unchecked, the inflammation can spread down below the gums and along the roots of the teeth, causing destruction of the periodontal ligament and the supporting bone. This ultimately leads to the loosening and potential loss of the teeth.
How does periodontal bacteria build up?
Although periodontal bacteria is naturally present in the mouth, they are only harmful when the conditions are right for them to increase in numbers. This bacteria, however, will build up in numbers when layers of bacteria and food debris, known as plaque, is left undisturbed on the teeth, commonly in hard-to-reach areas such as between the teeth. Here, the more dangerous bacteria are able to thrive, producing harmful by-products that cause inflammation of the gums. This inflammation is referred to as gingivitis.
Symptoms of Periodontitis:
- Periodontitis begins with gingivitis (inflammation of the gums);
- Gums that feel tender when touched;
- Bleeding from the gums when you brush your teeth, eat, or even spontaneously;
- Painful chewing;
- Discoloured layer of bacterial plaque on the teeth;
- Bad breath;
- Changes in the positioning of the teeth;
- Pus between your teeth and gums;
- Gum recession; and
- Pain in the mouth, teeth, and/or jaw.
Please note – bleeding from the gums may be less noticeable in smokers!