Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that typically emerge in the late teens or early twenties. While some people may not experience any problems with their wisdom teeth, others may suffer from a range of complications. These complications can include pain, infection, tooth decay, and even damage to surrounding teeth and gums.
One of the most common complications associated with wisdom teeth is impaction. This occurs when the tooth does not fully emerge from the gum line, or emerges at an angle, causing it to press against neighbouring teeth. Impacted wisdom teeth can cause pain, swelling, and infection, and may require extraction.
Another complication that can arise from wisdom teeth is tooth decay. Wisdom teeth are located at the back of the mouth, which can make them difficult to reach and clean properly. This can lead to the accumulation of food particles and bacteria, which can cause cavities and decay.
Dental decay on Lower left seven and Wisdom tooth
In some cases, wisdom teeth can also cause damage to adjacent teeth and gums. When wisdom teeth emerge at an angle, they can push against neighbouring teeth, causing them to shift or become misaligned. This can also cause damage to the surrounding gums, leading to inflammation and infection.
In rare cases, wisdom teeth can also cause cysts or tumours to develop in the jawbone. These growths can be painful and may require surgery to remove.
Cyst and Infection On A Wisdom Tooth
For these reasons, many dentists recommend having wisdom teeth removed as a preventive measure. This is often done in the late teens or early twenties, before the wisdom teeth have fully emerged and had a chance to cause complications.
Wisdom tooth extraction is typically a minor surgical procedure that can be performed under local anaesthesia or IV sedation. The dentist or oral surgeon will make an incision in the gum line to access the tooth, and may need to remove some bone to fully extract it. After the tooth is removed, the area will be cleaned and stitched closed.
Impacted Wisdom Tooth
Recovery from wisdom tooth extraction typically takes a few days to a week. Patients may experience some swelling, discomfort, and bleeding, but these symptoms can be managed with pain medication and rest. It is also important to avoid strenuous activity and stick to a soft-food diet during the recovery period.
In conclusion, wisdom teeth can cause a range of complications, including impaction, tooth decay, and damage to adjacent teeth and gums. While some people may not experience any problems with their wisdom teeth, others may need to have them removed as a preventive measure. If you are experiencing pain or discomfort related to your wisdom teeth, it is important to consult with your dentist or oral surgeon to determine the best course of treatment.
If you have any questions about your wisdom teeth, please contact Sonria Dental Clinic. Our specialist Dr Ciro Gilvetti will be only too please to assist.